What did the French do to keep the Ohio Territory?
After being defeated by Britain, in the Treaty of Paris, France ceded control of the entire Ohio region without consulting its native allies. Colonies such as Pennsylvania and Virginia claimed some of the westward lands by their original charters.
Why did the French want the land in the Ohio Territory?
The French wanted to control the American Indian trade in the Ohio River Valley and keep the Pennsylvania traders out. They also needed the American Indians living there to be their allies. … His job was to keep control of the Ohio River – and to keep the British out.
Did the French own Ohio?
He is credited with being the first European to see the Ohio River. Until the 1740s, France controlled what is now modern-day Ohio.
Who gave France a claim to the Ohio Valley?
By the middle of the 1700s, British fur traders had crossed the Appalachian Mountains into the Ohio River Valley into land that was claimed by both Great Britain and France. The French explorer René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle had laid claim to a huge land area called New France.
How did the French protect their claims?
To protect their claims, the French built a series of forts from Lake Erie south along the Ohio River. The British wanted to capture the forts and force the French to leave.
Why was it important to keep the French out of the Ohio Country?
France was determined to stop the British from expanding westward. The Ohio River was especially important to the French because it provided a vital link between their claims along the Great Lakes and their settlements along the Mississippi River.
Why was the Ohio Country important to both British colonists and the French?
Throughout the 1600s and 1700s both England and France claimed ownership of the Ohio Country. By the mid-1700s, both nations had sent merchants into the area to trade with local American Indians. … A major reason for the French and Indian War had been the colonists’ desire for access to the fertile Ohio Country lands.
Why did both France and Britain have legitimate claims to the Ohio River Valley?
In North America, Great Britain and France both claimed the Ohio River Valley. British settlers wanted to farm the rich soil there, and the French wanted to trap beavers and trade the furs. … In 1754, the contest over the land along the Ohio River began a war that lasted almost ten years.
Why did the British colonists want to gain territory in the Ohio Valley?
The British believed that if Americans moved west over the mountains, it would be too challenging to regulate trade and taxes, and that their resources would be spread too thin. In addition, there were many people already living on the land in the Ohio Valley.
How did the French respond to the Ohio company?
The Ohio Company’s venture greatly upset the French, who had long claimed the Ohio Country as their own. In 1753, 1,500 French soldiers entered the disputed area and established several forts, including Fort Le Boeuf (modern Waterford, Pennsylvania) and Fort Machault (modern Franklin, Pennsylvania).
What land did France have to relinquish after the French and Indian War?
By the terms of the treaty, France renounced to Britain all the mainland of North America east of the Mississippi, excluding New Orleans and environs; the West Indian islands of Grenada, Saint Vincent, Dominica, and Tobago; and all French conquests made since 1749 in India or in the East Indies.
Which two countries claimed the Ohio Valley territory?
The French and Indian War, the North American phase of the larger Seven Years’ War, began after a series of incidents in the upper Ohio River valley, which the French and British governments both claimed as their territory.
Who claimed the Ohio River Valley first?
Specifically, regions around the Ohio Valley into the Ohio River and up near the Great Lakes produced the largest controversy. France, who first discovered the Ohio country, claimed control because they had not only arrived in that area first but also established trading centers to ensure a lasting hold on the region.