Rise of conservatism within the Second Republic
Was France rich before the French Revolution?
Before the Revolution
The king had total power over the government and the people. The people of France were divided into three social classes called “estates.” The First Estate was the clergy, the Second Estate was the nobles, and the Third Estate was the commoners. Most of France belonged to the Third Estate.
How was France before the Revolution?
Before the French Revolution, French society was structured on the relics of feudalism, in a system known as the Estates System. … In contrast, the clergy and the nobility controlled the majority of the land in France and held all of the important positions in the government, military and church.
How much debt did France have before the French Revolution?
half of the country’s annual budget. The American Revolution [1775-1783] cost France 1.3 billion livres. By 1789 France’s total debt was 4 billion livres or $40 billion. France was on the verge of bankruptcy with no means to pay.
Was France a rich or poor country in the 18th century?
Eighteenth century. France was large and rich and experienced a slow economic and demographic recovery in the first decades following the death of Louis XIV in 1715. Birth rates were high and the infant mortality rate was in steady decline.
Why the French Revolution failed?
The French Revolution was a failure because after all of the blood shed, the laws, civil rights, and codes did not get instituted effectively and did not represent the values that the citizens fought for, examples of this were the Napoleonic Code, Declaration of Rights of Man.
Why was France in a financial crisis?
Financial Crisis of the 1780s
In the late 1700s, France was facing a severe financial crisis due to the immense debt accrued through the French involvement in the Seven Years War (1756–1763) and the American Revolution (1775-1783).