What continents did France colonize?

Which countries did France Colonise?

Other African countries colonized by France include Gambia, Chad, Mali, Togo, Sudan, Gabon, Tunisia, Niger, Republic of Congo, Cameroon, and several others. In North America, France colonized the New France region, Newfoundland, and resent day Haiti.

How many continents did France colonize?

Although dotted over four continents, Africa, Asia, America and Oceania, it consists mainly of two big groups, one in Asia and the other in Africa. It is this latter portion of French colonial possessions which is by far the most important and the most full of promise.

French Colonies.

Modern Benin
former Dahomey
From 1883
To 1960

How did France govern its colonies?

Colonies were ruled, on the one hand, through decrees issued by two different ministries (the Ministry of the Interior and the Colonial Office) in Paris and, on the other hand, by executive orders that made the representative of the French government the main source of the law.

Where did France colonize in the New World?

Where did France colonize in the New World? France colonized in modern day Canada, establishing the cities Quebec and Montreal. They later moved to colonize a few colonies in the Ohio Valley.

Who did Britain colonize?

The British Empire ruled over many countries in Africa, beginning in 1870. These included what are now Kenya, Sudan, Lesotho, Botswana, Northern Somalia, Egypt, Eastern Ghana, Gambia, Niger, and Benin.

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Why did France Colonise Africa?

The French administration sought to increase productivity and extract valuable resources. … By the close of the Second World War the colonized peoples of French West Africa were making their dissatisfaction with the colonial system heard.

What colonies did France have in Asia?

In Asia

  • Cochinchina (Southern Vietnam) (1858–1949)
  • Annam (protectorate) (Central Vietnam) (1883–1949)
  • Tonkin (protectorate) (Northern Vietnam) (1884–1949)
  • State of Vietnam (1949–1954)
  • Spratly Islands (1933–1939)
  • Paracel Islands (1933–1939)

When did France lose its colonies?

The Treaty of Paris of 1763 ended the French and Indian War/Seven Years’ War between Great Britain and France, as well as their respective allies. In the terms of the treaty, France gave up all its territories in mainland North America, effectively ending any foreign military threat to the British colonies there.