What were the 3 French Estates?
The political and financial situation in France had grown rather bleak, forcing Louis XVI to summon the Estates General. This assembly was composed of three estates – the clergy, nobility and commoners – who had the power to decide on the levying of new taxes and to undertake reforms in the country.
Which Estates fought in the French Revolution?
Aristocratic revolt, 1787–89
The assembly refused to take responsibility for the reforms and suggested the calling of the Estates-General, which represented the clergy, the aristocracy, and the Third Estate (the commoners) and which had not met since 1614.
How did the 3 Estates cause the French Revolution?
The Third Estate would become a very important early part of the French Revolution. … But the dramatic inequality in voting—the Third Estate represented more people, but only had the same voting power as the clergy or the nobility—led to the Third Estate demanding more voting power, and as things developed, more rights.
What is the 1st 2nd 3rd and 4th Estate?
The First Estate was made up of the nobility. The Second Estate was the Church, specificially the Catholic Church. The Third Estate was the common people. The Fourth Estate comes from French history.
What are the five estates?
Different systems for dividing society members into estates developed and evolved over time. … The monarchy included the king and the queen, while the system was made up of clergy (the First Estate), nobles (Second Estate), peasants and bourgeoisie (Third Estate).
What was the 2nd estate?
The Second Estate consisted of the nobility of France, including members of the royal family, except for the King. Members of the Second Estate did not have to pay any taxes. … The Third Estate was made up of everyone else, from peasant farmers to the bourgeoisie – the wealthy business class.
What are the 4 Estates of democracy?
Mentioning the four pillars of democracy- the Legislature, Executive, Judiciary and the Media, Shri Naidu said that each pillar must act within its domain but not lose sight of the larger picture. “The strength of a democracy depends upon the strength of each pillar and the way pillars complement each other.
What is Estate General in French Revolution?
The Estates-General of 1789 was a general assembly representing the French estates of the realm summoned by Louis XVI to propose solutions to France’s financial problems. It ended when the Third Estate formed into a National Assembly, signaling the outbreak of the French Revolution.
What did the Third Estate comprise?
The Third Estate comprised poor servants, small peasants, landless labourers, peasants artisans, big businessmen, merchants and lawyers.
What was the Estate General Class 9?
Answer: The Estates-General was an assembly comprising the clergy of the French nobles and the middle class. … The Estates-General represented all of France’s three estates. This assembly combined the First, Second and Third Estate members and acted as France’s legislative assembly.