Why did French treat Algeria differently?
Why did France treat Algeria differently than its colonies in West and Central Africa? They considered Algeria to be a part of mainland France so unlike it’s other colonies, they didn’t allow Algeria to govern themselves.
Why was Algeria so important to France?
French rule in the region began in 1830 with the invasion of Algiers and lasted until the end of the Algerian War of Independence in 1962. … As one of France’s longest-held overseas territories, Algeria became a destination for hundreds of thousands of European immigrants known as colons, and later as pieds-noirs.
Why did Algeria want independence from France?
The movement for independence began during World War I (1914–18) and gained momentum after French promises of greater self-rule in Algeria went unfulfilled after World War II (1939–45). … In 1959 Charles de Gaulle declared that the Algerians had the right to determine their own future.
Why did France treat Algeria differently than its colonies in the West and Central Africa?
France treated Algeria differently than its colonies in West and Central Africa because it was a colony that Africa considered part of mainland France. … The settlers in these colonies tried to protect their privileges by declaring these countries had gained independence, but they were under a white-ruled government.
Why was the Algerian war so violent?
The violence first skyrocketed when the French responded to an FLN-led general strike and bombings by combing the city for pro-independence fighters. The military relied primarily on neighborhood raids, arrests, and torture, focusing its sweeps in the Casbah slum, an opposition stronghold.
How long did Algeria resist the French?
On March 18, 1962, France and the leaders of the Front de Liberation Nationale (FLN) sign a peace agreement to end the seven-year Algerian War, signaling the end of 130 years of colonial French rule in Algeria.
Was Algeria a French colony?
French colonial rule over Algeria spanned 132 years, beginning in 1830 with the invasion of Algiers and lasting until the Algerian War of Independence which concluded in 1962. Whilst the nature of French rule changed over this time, Algeria was administered as an integral part of France from 1848 until independence.
What was the fly whisk incident?
The Fly Whisk Incident
In the 1790s, France had contracted to purchase wheat for the French army from two Jewish merchants in Algiers, Messrs. Bakri-Busnach, and was in arrears paying them. These merchants had themselves debts to the dey and claimed inability to pay those debts until France paid its debts to them.
What historical role has France played in Algeria?
For more than a century France maintained colonial rule in Algerian territory. This allowed exceptions to republican law, including Sharia laws applied by Islamic customary courts to Muslim women which gave women certain rights to property and inheritance which they did not have under French law.
What tactics were used by the FLN and by the French in the struggle in Algeria?
During 1956 and 1957, the FLN successfully applied hit-and-run tactics in accordance with guerrilla warfare theory. Whilst some of this was aimed at military targets, a significant amount was invested in a terror campaign against those in any way deemed to support or encourage French authority.