Why is French Guiana important to the European nations?
French Guiana is situated in the South American continent, 7000 km away from Paris and has 248 000 inhabitants. … The region also hosts the French Guiana and European Space Centre. This is Europe’s main spaceport, and is therefore of primary, strategic importance for independent access to space.
What is French Guyana best known for?
Guyana’s most famous attractions is the Iles du Salut archipelago, which includes the infamous Devil’s Island, where political prisoners and Henri Charriere’s Papillon were held. Do not miss the Iracoubo Church painted entirely by hand by the famous convict Huguet.
What is unique about French Guiana?
The highest point in French Guiana is Bellevue de l’Inini (851 m). A large percentage of French Guiana is covered with equatorial forest. Cayenne pepper is named after Cayenne, the capital of French Guiana. Arawak Indians and Caribs were early inhabitants of French Guiana.
Why is French Guiana so successful economically?
The economy of French Guiana is tied closely to that of mainland France through subsidies and imports. Besides the French space center at Kourou, fishing and forestry are the most important economic activities in French Guiana. … French Guiana is heavily dependent on imports of food and energy.
Why isn’t French Guiana a country?
Guiana is a Department of France and no longer a colony. Its political status is similar to the state of Hawaii. The French sent 12,000 settlers to Guiana in 1763, but within a year only 2000 were still alive. The tropical climate made Guiana unsuitable for Europeans to colonize.
Why is French Guiana ideal for a spaceport?
Operational since 1968, it is particularly suitable as a location for a spaceport. It fulfills the two major geographical requirements of such a site: It is near the equator, so that less energy is required to manoeuvre a spacecraft into an equatorial, geostationary orbit.
Is Papillon a true story?
Based on the true story of Henri Charriere, also known as Papillon, which is French for ‘butterfly’ (the character even sports a large tattoo of a butterfly). A petty criminal, Papillon is wrongly convicted of murder and sentenced to life in a French penal colony in ‘Guiane’ (French Guiana, South America).