What was the main cause of the Franco Prussian War?
Franco-Prussian War (1870–71) Conflict engineered by the Prussian Chancellor Otto von Bismarck. The nominal cause was a dispute over the Spanish succession. Bismarck’s aim was to use the prospect of French invasion to frighten the s German states into joining the North German Confederation dominated by Prussia.
Who did Bismarck provoke?
In the 1860s, Otto von Bismarck, then Minister President of Prussia, provoked three short, decisive wars against Denmark, Austria, and France, aligning the smaller German states behind Prussia in its defeat of France.
How did Bismarck try to avoid war with Britain?
To avoid alienating Britain, Bismarck arranged the two Mediterranean Agreements of 1887, designed to preserve the status quo against a Russian threat.
What was Bismarck’s goal for Germany?
His main goal was to further strengthen the position of Prussia in Europe. Bismarck had a number of primary aims: to unify the north German states under Prussian control. to weaken Prussia’s main rival, Austria, by removing it from the German Federation.
Why did Bismarck exclude Austria?
Austria too built up its military strength here. This divided Austria’s forces. Bismarck demanded that Austria’s allies Hanover, Saxony and Hesse-Cassel stopped any military preparations and accept Prussian federal reform.
Why Bismarck is known as the architect of Germany?
Otto von Bismarck was the true architect of Germany who played an important role in the unification of the country. He is known for his policy of ‘Blood and Iron’. … (ii) Prussian Chief Minister, Otto von Bismarck, with the help of the army and bureaucracy carried out the task of unification.
How did Bismarck isolate France?
In 1873 the formation of the Dreikaiserbund (the League of the Three Emperors) between Germany, Austria and Russia was an example of Bismarck’s policy of isolating France. This was an alliance of three conservative monarchies designed to stop the spread of revolution in Europe and preserve the status quo in Europe.
Who was Bismarck and why was he important?
The German statesman Otto Eduard Leopold von Bismarck (1815-1898) was largely responsible for the creation of the German Empire in 1871. A leading diplomat of the late 19th century, he was known as the Iron Chancellor.