What is plaster of Paris how it is obtained Class 11?
It is obtained by heating the gypsum, CaSO4·2H2O, to 393 K. 2(CaSO4·2H2O) –> 2(CaSO4).H2O + 3H2O. It forms a plastic mass on addition of water which further gets hardened within 5-15 minutes. It is extensively used in manufacturing decorating pieces, in repairing fractured bones or sprains.
How plaster of Paris is formed class 10th?
Plaster of Paris is prepared by heating gypsum to a temperature of 373K. When gypsum is heated to a temperature of 373k ,It loses three-Fourths of its water of crystallisation and forms Plaster of Paris.
What is plaster of Paris how it is obtained give its important uses?
Plaster of Paris is a building material that is used as a protective coating on walls and ceilings. … Plaster of Paris is used to make sculptures and metal castings used as decorative in buildings. • It is also used in buildings to avoid fire hazards as Plaster of Paris is fire resistant.
What is plaster of Paris how it is prepared state two important uses of plaster of Paria?
This is prepared by heating gypsum to 120–130°C. Uses of plaster of Paris: (i) It is used in making chalks and fire proof materials. (ii) Used for making patient plasters used in surgery and for plastering fractured parts of the body.
What is plaster of Paris state its chemical name and preparation?
Plaster of Paris is called calcium sulphate hemihydrate. Its formula is CaSO4. 1/2H2O. Plaster of Paris is prepared by heating gypsum to a temperature at 373K and it loses 3/4th of its water of crystallisation and forms Plaster of Paris. C a S O 4 .2 H 2 O → C a S O 4 .1 / 2 H 2 O + 1 1 / 2 H 2 O.
How is gypsum converted to plaster of Paris?
Gypsum rock is converted into gypsum plaster by driving off some of the chemically combined water. Heating gypsum at 120°C for one hour results in a hemi-hydrate (CaSO4. 1⁄2H2O) – with three quarters of the water removed. Gypsum hemi-hydrate is also known as Plaster of Paris.
How plaster of Paris can be obtained write its three uses?
2H2O), known as plaster of Paris. Used in making casts and patterns for molds and statues. Used as the cement in ornamental casting and for making decorative materials. Used as a fireproofing material and for making chalks.
How is plaster of Paris prepared what is its chemical formula?
The name plaster of Paris came from the fact that it was first of all made by heating gypsum which was mainly found in Paris. The compound plaster of Paris is prepared by heating gypsum at 120oC. The chemical formula for the plaster of Paris is (CaSO4) H2O and is better known as calcium sulfate hemihydrate.