Question: Why were the 1st & 2nd estate privileged in France?

Why were the first and second estates considered privileged?

Two of the three estates had rights and privileges such as being excused from paying taxes, and having the opportunity to run for a high office. The other estate was not treated with the same luxury. They had to pay insanely high taxes and many did not get the right to get an education.

What were the privileges enjoyed by the 1st and 2nd estates?

The first two Estates enjoyed the right to command military regiments and hold positions in the State apparatus. The first two Estates were exempt from the burden of direct taxation. When the taxes were raised for all the three Estates, the landowners refused the proposals in order to maintain their privileges.

What was the main privilege of the first two estates?

The members of the first two estates, that is, the clergy and the nobility, enjoyed certain privileges by birth. The most important of these was exemption from paying taxes to the state.

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What were some of the privileges of the second estate in France?

The Second Estate consisted of the nobility of France, including members of the royal family, except for the King. Members of the Second Estate did not have to pay any taxes. They were also awarded special priviliges, such as the wearing a sword and hunting.

What were the two privileged classes in France before the Revolution?

Before French Revolution there were two class – privilege and non privileged class. Of them the privilege class people constituted the first estate and second estate. The first estate class constituted the clergy.

What were the two privileged classes in France under the old regime?

Estates-General, also called States General, French États-Généraux, in France of the pre-Revolution monarchy, the representative assembly of the three “estates,” or orders of the realm: the clergy (First Estate) and nobility (Second Estate)—which were privileged minorities—and the Third Estate, which represented the …

What was the most important privileges enjoyed by the first two estates in France?

The important privilege enjoyed by the members of the first two estates was their exemption from paying taxes to the state.

How did the special privileges given to the first and second estates in France affect the Third Estate?

and how did those differences contribute to unrest in France? Members of the First and Second estates had access to the best jobs, received special treatment under the law, and paid no taxes. Members of the Third Estate paid all of the taxes but had none of the privileges the other estates enjoyed.

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What advantages did the first estate have?

Among the other advantages held by the upper estates: The First Estate (the clergy) were about 100,000 in number but owned roughly ten percent of all the land. They did not pay tax, but did contribute a “voluntary gift” to the government.

What did the 2nd estate want in the French Revolution?

Whereas the King sought tax reform, the First and Second Estates sought to protect their power and privilege. The Third Estate wanted greater representation and greater political power to address issues of inequality. After weeks of dissent, no agreement was reached and the meeting of the Estates-General was disbanded.

What is privileged class in French Revolution?

Clergy and Nobility were privileged class. They had certain special privileges; in addition to feudal privilege. They were exempted from paying any types of taxes. They paid feudal taxes extracted after the members of the third estate.