Before the Nine Years’ War, in the Franco-Dutch War, the French Navy managed to score a decisive victory over a combined Spanish-Dutch fleet at the Battle of Palermo (1676). During the War of the Grand Alliance, Admiral Tourville won a significant victory in the Battle of Beachy Head (1690, Bataille de Bévezier).
Battle of Grand Port, (22–27 August 1810), naval battle between France and Britain, the latter’s worst defeat at sea during the Napoleonic Wars. The Isle de France (Mauritius) was one of the last French overseas possessions to be captured by Britain.
In one of the most decisive naval battles in history, a British fleet under Admiral Lord Nelson defeats a combined French and Spanish fleet at the Battle of Trafalgar, fought off the coast of Spain.
Has France never won a war?
Out of 169 battles fought since 387BC, they have won 109, lost 49 and drawn 10. The first major recorded wars in the territory of modern-day France itself revolved around the Gallo-Roman conflict that predominated from 60 BC to 50 BC.
Why didn’t the French navy join the British and Free French after the surrender? Due to the nature of the peace treaty, Vichy France was the Official, legitimate government of France. There was no ‘government-in-exile’ like the polish or Low Countries, meaning that alignment to France, meant Alignment to Vichy.
While economics, social changes, politics, and strategy all played a role in the downfall of the French Navy, the key factor was the loss of command experience and seamanship suffered by the navy after the fall of the aristocracy during the French Revolution.
Royal Navy, 1815-1918 AD
The end of the Napoleonic Wars in Europe left the Royal Navy the largest, most powerful navy in the world.
The Royal Navy is made up of 32,450 regular, trained personnel (including Royal Marines); compared with the French Navy’s 35,000. :: Combat and Support Ships – 69 French (excluding training vessels and tugs) vs 73 British. :: Nuclear-capable ballistic missile submarines – 4 each.
Successes by the United States included the U.S.S. Constitution defeat of H.M.S. Guerrière on August 19th of 1812 off the coast of Nova Scotia.  This helped to ease the embarrassment at Detroit as well as give Americans pride to have defeated Britain’s great naval power.