What is plaster of Paris Class 10?
Plaster of Paris is prepared by heating gypsum to a temperature of 373K. When gypsum is heated to a temperature of 373k ,It loses three-Fourths of its water of crystallisation and forms Plaster of Paris.
What are the properties and uses of plaster of Paris?
(i) It is used for plastering fractured bones and dislocated bones so as to set them in proper place. (ii) It is used in making toys, decorative materials. (iii) It is used in making casts for statues, toys, surgical instruments, etc. (iv) It is used in making blackboard chalks.
What is plaster of Paris give examples?
Plaster of Paris is a powder that forms a paste when mixed with water and then thickens and hardens. An example of plaster of Paris is one of the materials used to create a cast for a broken arm. … It is mixed with water to make casts and molds.
How does plaster paris work?
Plaster of Paris is manufactured by heating gypsum at 423K or 150o C/300o F. On heating gypsum at 423 K, it loses water molecules and becomes calcium sulphate hemihydrate. This product is known as the plaster of Paris. However, when water is mixed with dry plaster of Paris, it re-structures into gypsum.
What is plaster of Paris Class 11 Ncert?
CBSE NCERT Notes Class 11 Chemistry The S Block Elements. The chemical name of Plaster of Paris is Calcium Sulphate (CaSO4·½ H2O)). It is obtained by heating the gypsum, CaSO4·2H2O, to 393 K. It forms a plastic mass on addition of water which further gets hardened within 5-15 minutes.
What is plaster of Paris formula?
Answer. 63.3k+ views. CaSO4. 1/2 H2O. Calcium sulphate with half a molecule of water per molecule of the salt (hemi-hydrate) is called plaster of paris (plaster of paris).
What are the uses of plaster of Paris Class 10?
– Plaster of Paris is used in filling cracks in walls and gaps. – It is stable at high temperatures, so it is used as fireproofing material. – Plaster of Paris is used in preparing mould, statues and artificial decorative items. – Plaster of Paris is used to make the cast that is used in case of bone fracturing.
What is plaster of Paris How is it prepared mention three uses of it?
This is prepared by heating gypsum to 120–130°C. Uses of plaster of Paris: (i) It is used in making chalks and fire proof materials. (ii) Used for making patient plasters used in surgery and for plastering fractured parts of the body.
What is plaster of Paris write two properties and two uses?
Uses of plaster of paris:-
Used as the cement in ornamental casting and for making decorative materials. Used as a fireproofing material and for making chalks. Used in hospitals for immobilizing the affected part in case of bone fracture or sprain. Used to fill small gaps on walls & roofs.