What did the first and second estate do?
The first estate was made up of the clergy, the second estate was the nobility, and the third estate was comprised of the middle class, peasants, and city workers (Document 2). … In order to pay off deficits, the French people of the third estate were taxed brutally.
What did the estate do in the French Revolution?
IN THE FRENCH REVOLUTION. The Estates-General was a meeting of the three estates within French society which included the clergy, nobility and the peasant classes. The estate to which a person belonged was very important because it determined that person’s rights, obligations and status.
Was the first estate wealthy?
The first estate, the clergy, consisted of rich and poor. There were very wealthy abbots, members of the aristocracy who lived in luxury off of wealthy church lands, and poor parish priests, who lived much like the peasants. The second estate, the nobility, inherited their titles and their wealth came from the land.
What did the Third Estate do in the French Revolution?
The Estates-General had not been assembled since 1614, and its deputies drew up long lists of grievances and called for sweeping political and social reforms. The Third Estate, which had the most representatives, declared itself the National Assembly and took an oath to force a new constitution on the king.
What is Estate General in French Revolution?
The Estates-General of 1789 was a general assembly representing the French estates of the realm summoned by Louis XVI to propose solutions to France’s financial problems. It ended when the Third Estate formed into a National Assembly, signaling the outbreak of the French Revolution.
What did the first Estate do?
The First Estate was the clergy, who were people, including priests, who ran both the Catholic church and some aspects of the country. In addition to keeping registers of births, deaths and marriages, the clergy also had the power to levy a 10% tax known as the tithe.
What jobs did the Third Estate have?
The Third Estate was comprised of lowly beggars and struggling peasants who worked as urban artisans and labourers, shopkeepers, commercial middle classes and some of the wealthiest merchants.
What is Estate system?
The Estate system is a system of stratification under which peasants were required to work land leased to them by nobles in exchange for military protection and other services.
What problems did the first estate have?
One of the first issues that came up at the Estates General was how they would vote. The king said that each estate would vote as a body (each estate would get 1 vote). The members of the Third Estate did not like this. It meant that they could always be outvoted by the much smaller First and Second Estates.
What did people in the first estate wear?
The aristocrats of the First Estate were clearly marked by their extravagant coats, cloaks, and vests, embroidered with gold; breeches; and powdered wigs; and expensive hats adorned with feathers. The clergy of the Second Estate were dressed in elaborate robes of purple, red, and gold.