Feudal France was neatly divided into three social classes, or Estates, with different jobs and privileges. The clergy was the First Estate, the nobles were the Second Estate, and the peasants were the Third Estate.
Sociologists generally posit three classes: upper, working (or lower), and middle. The upper class in modern capitalist societies is often distinguished by the possession of largely inherited wealth.
What were the 3 estates of France?
The political and financial situation in France had grown rather bleak, forcing Louis XVI to summon the Estates General. This assembly was composed of three estates – the clergy, nobility and commoners – who had the power to decide on the levying of new taxes and to undertake reforms in the country.
Age of Revolutions Vocabulary Review
|Estates||One of three distinct social classes in France during the 1700s: clergy, nobility, and commoners.|
|1st Estate||Social class made up of clergy members (church leaders).|
|2nd Estate||Social class made up of nobles (someone distinguish by rank or title).|
Who were the middle class in France class 9?
Many people of the third estate had earned wealth through overseas trade and manufacturing goods. They were termed as middle class. It was a new social group, which also comprised of court officials, lawyers and administrative officials.
France’s traditional national assembly with representatives of the three estates, or classes, in French society: the clergy, nobility, and commoners. The calling of the Estates General in 1789 led to the French Revolution.
Many sociologists suggest five:
- Upper Class – Elite.
- Upper Middle Class.
- Lower Middle Class.
- Working Class.
Gallup has, for a number of years, asked Americans to place themselves — without any guidance — into five social classes: upper, upper-middle, middle, working and lower.
What are the three classes of French society?
Estates-General, also called States General, French États-Généraux, in France of the pre-Revolution monarchy, the representative assembly of the three “estates,” or orders of the realm: the clergy (First Estate) and nobility (Second Estate)—which were privileged minorities—and the Third Estate, which represented the …
Who made up the 3rd estate?
The Third Estate was made up of everyone else, from peasant farmers to the bourgeoisie – the wealthy business class. While the Second Estate was only 1% of the total population of France, the Third Estate was 96%, and had none of the rights and priviliges of the other two estates.