What were the three estates of the eighteenth century French society?

What were the 3 estates of France?

The political and financial situation in France had grown rather bleak, forcing Louis XVI to summon the Estates General. This assembly was composed of three estates – the clergy, nobility and commoners – who had the power to decide on the levying of new taxes and to undertake reforms in the country.

What is the 1st 2nd 3rd and 4th estate?

The First Estate was made up of the nobility. The Second Estate was the Church, specificially the Catholic Church. The Third Estate was the common people. The Fourth Estate comes from French history.

What were the three estates in French society quizlet?

Terms in this set (13)

First Estate was the Priests and Bishops. The Second Estate was the Nobles, and the Third Estate was the peasants or poor people. The Nobles and Priests getting richer and not paying taxes and the poor getting poorer. Plus the 3rd estate did not have a fair say in the government.

What was called the third class of French society in the 18th century?

The French society was divided into three classes called Estates. The first estate was clergy (priestly class). The second estate was nobles (rich people). The third estate was the commoners (poor and middle class people).

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What is the Third Estate in French Revolution?

The Third Estate was made up of everyone else, from peasant farmers to the bourgeoisie – the wealthy business class. While the Second Estate was only 1% of the total population of France, the Third Estate was 96%, and had none of the rights and priviliges of the other two estates.

What did the Third Estate comprise?

The Third Estate comprised poor servants, small peasants, landless labourers, peasants artisans, big businessmen, merchants and lawyers.

What is meant by the 5th Estate?

The Fifth Estate is a socio-cultural reference to groupings of outlier viewpoints in contemporary society, and is most associated with bloggers, journalists publishing in non-mainstream media outlets, and the social media or “social license”.

What did the Third Estate do?

The Estates-General had not been assembled since 1614, and its deputies drew up long lists of grievances and called for sweeping political and social reforms. The Third Estate, which had the most representatives, declared itself the National Assembly and took an oath to force a new constitution on the king.

How did the 3 estates cause the French Revolution?

The Third Estate would become a very important early part of the French Revolution. … But the dramatic inequality in voting—the Third Estate represented more people, but only had the same voting power as the clergy or the nobility—led to the Third Estate demanding more voting power, and as things developed, more rights.