When did the French colonize Congo?
It was formally established as the French Congo on 30 November 1882, and was confirmed at the Berlin Conference of 1884–85. Its borders with Cabinda, Cameroons, and the Congo Free State were established by treaties over the next decade.
How did the French gain control of the Congo River?
By the early 19th century, the Congo River had become a major avenue of commerce between the coast and the interior. Henry Morton Stanley, a British journalist, explored the river in 1877, but France acquired jurisdiction in 1880 when Pierre de Brazza signed a treaty with the Tio ruler.
Why is there two Congos?
The name Congo stems from the Bakongo, a Bantu tribe that populates the area. The larger of the two countries, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is located to the southeast, while the smaller nation, the Republic of the Congo, is situated to the northwest.
Was Congo colonized by France?
France controlled the Republic of the Congo as a colony from the 1880s until the Congo’s independence in 1960. Following the collapse of communism worldwide, France has become Congo’s most significant external trading partner.
Why do Congolese speak Swahili?
The pan-African body adopted Swahili as its working language during its annual heads of state summit in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa in July. Having originated along the shores of the Indian Ocean, Swahili is a mixture of Arabic and local languages that was spoken mostly in Tanzania.
What happened when Belgium left the Congo?
The crisis began almost immediately after the Congo became independent from Belgium and ended, unofficially, with the entire country under the rule of Joseph-Désiré Mobutu. … A nationalist movement in the Belgian Congo demanded the end of colonial rule: this led to the country’s independence on 30 June 1960.
Did Leopold ever go to Congo?
At the Berlin Conference of 1884–1885, the colonial nations of Europe authorized his claim by committing the Congo Free State to improving the lives of the native inhabitants. Leopold ignored these conditions and ran the Congo using the mercenary Force Publique for his personal gain.