Which was French colony in India?

Which was the first French colony in India?

The first French factory in India was established at Surat in 1668 and later one at Machillipatnam. But they were driven out by the Dutch and the British by 1720. The French settlement in India began in 1673 with the purchase of land at Chandernagore from the Mughal Governor of Bengal.

How many French colonies are there?

French Overseas Regions

France is divided into 18 regions, which are fundamentally similar to what’s referred to as states or provinces in other countries. Of those total regions, 13 are located in Europe (12 in mainland France and one in Corsica). These are collectively referred to as Metropolitan France.

How many French colonies were in India?

These five French colonies are Pondicherry, Karaikal in Tamil Nadu and Yanaon in Andhra Pradesh on the Coromandel Coast, Mahe in Kerala on the Malabar Coast and Chandernagore in West Bengal.

Who gave Pondicherry to French?

François Martin (1634–31 December 1706) was the first Governor General of Pondicherry. In 1673, Sher Khan Lodi, the governor of Valokondapuranam under the sultan of Bijapur granted Francois martin, director of the Masulipatnam, a site for a settlement. He founded Pondicherry, the future capital of French India in 1674.

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Who did the French colonize?

Other African countries colonized by France include Gambia, Chad, Mali, Togo, Sudan, Gabon, Tunisia, Niger, Republic of Congo, Cameroon, and several others. In North America, France colonized the New France region, Newfoundland, and resent day Haiti.

What two countries were once French colonies?

Note: The French colonies of Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia were organized as French Indochina.

Was Morocco a French colony?

France officially established a protectorate over Morocco with the Treaty of Fez, ending what remained of the country’s de facto independence. From a strictly legal point of view, the treaty did not deprive Morocco of its status as a sovereign state. The Sultan reigned but did not rule.

When did France leave India?

French India

French Settlements in India Établissements français dans l’Inde
Legislature Representative Assembly of French India
Historical era Imperialism
• First French East India Company Commissioner of Surat 1684
• De facto transfer 1 November 1954

Why did the French colonize India?

The French came to India mainly with a purpose of trade and commerce. From their arrival until 1741 AD, the objectives of the French, like those of the British, were purely commercial. The French East India Company took hold of Yanam in 1723 AD, Mahe on Malabar Coast in 1725 AD and Karaikal in 1739 AD.